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Selected Research Project
Project Title Transmission and Pedagogical Models in Cantonese Opera: A Study of the Chinese Oral and the Western Conservatory Traditions in Hong Kong
Principal Investigator Professor Leung Bo Wah
Area of Research Project Teaching and Learning
Project Period
From 12/2011 To 7/2013
  • To document the beliefs, processes, and pedagogical practices of the Chinese oral tradition and the Western conservatory tradition used in the profession of Cantonese opera;
  • To identify the commonalities and differences in the nature and characteristics of both traditions in Cantonese opera by proposing two pedagogy models of oral tradition pedagogy and conservatory tradition;
  • To investigate the effectiveness of teaching Cantonese opera in Hong Kong schools by practitioners who employ the pedagogy of oral versus conservatory traditions; and
  • To develop a new pedagogy model for the teaching and learning of Cantonese opera in nurturing artists from school to professional levels.
Methods Used
  • Interviews with 5 master artists with apprenticeship background and 2 professional artists graduated from Cantonese opera institutes
  • Case study on 2 Cantonese opera institutes and 2 schools
  • Case study on 2 community children troupes
  • The proposed Model of Transmission of Cantonese Opera would provide a comprehensive view to imply for future practice of nurturing professional artists
  • Leung, B. W. (accepted). Utopia in arts education: The transmission of Cantonese opera with oral tradition in Hong Kong. Pedagogy, Culture and Society.
  • Leung, B. W. (under review). Transmission of Cantonese opera in conservatory tradition: Two case studies in south China and Hong Kong. Music Education Research.
  • Leung, B. W. (under review). School as cradle for nurturing professional Cantonese opera artists in Hong Kong: Two case studies. Research Studies in Music Education.
  • Leung, B. W. (2013). Transmission and transformation of Cantonese opera in Hong Kong: From school education to professional training. In S. Leong & B. W. Leung (Eds.), Creative arts in education and culture: Perspectives from Greater China (pp. 145-156). Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Leung, B. W. (2013, July). Preservation of Cantonese opera in Hong Kong: From Schools to the Theatre. Paper presented in the International Symposium of Research and Higher Education in Music: International Perspectives, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
  • Leung, B. W. (2012, November). Utopia in Arts Education: The transmission of Cantonese opera with Chinese Oral Tradition. Paper presented in the World Alliance of Arts Education (WAAE) Summit 2012, Roveniemi, Finland.
  • Leung, B. W. (2012, May). Conservatory Tradition and Oral Tradition in transmitting the Cantonese opera. Paper presented at the 8th International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, Champaign, USA.
Biography of Principal Investigator

Professor Leung Bo-Wah is currently Professor and Head of the Department of Cultural and Creative Arts, and Associate Dean (Quality Assurance & Enhancement) of the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences at the Hong Kong Institute of Education. He is award winning professor of music for his research in incorporating Cantonese opera into formal music curriculum. He received the prestigious Musical Rights Award from the International Music Council of UNESCO in 2011 as well as the Knowledge Transfer Award from the HKIEd in 2012 for his leadership in a research project entitled “Collaborative Project on Teaching Cantonese Opera in Primary and Secondary Schools”. During his tenure in HKIEd, Professor Leung has developed a teaching kit, Teaching Package on Creative Music Making in Schools, and a series of music textbooks for the general use of all schools in Hong Kong.

Professor Leung has published different research papers in leading journals and edited books including the International Journal of Music Education, Research Studies in Music Education, Music Education Research, Pedagogy, Culture and Society, andthe Oxford Handbook of Music Education. His Chinese book, Teaching Creative Music Making: New trend for the new century (Excellence Pub., 2005), is Hong Kong’s first publication of creativity in music teaching and learning. A revised version of this book has been published in Beijing tackling the music curriculum reform of mainland China (People’s Music Publisher, 2014). His edited book, Creative Arts in Education and Culture: Perspectives from Greater China (co-edited with Samuel Leong, Springer, 2013) features the development of creative arts in the transforming region influencing the globe.

Other than his professional practice with HKIEd, Professor Leung is co-chair of the Research Commission of ISME and Board Member of Asia-Pacific Symposium for Music Education Research (APSMER), Adjunct Professor of Music at the Northeast Normal University, and co-editor of the eminent International Journal of Music Education and Asia-Pacific Journal for Arts Education. Professor Leung served as a Board Member of the International Society for Music Education (ISME), the Chair of the Music in School and Teacher Education Commission (MISTEC) of ISME, Subject Specialist (Education and Performing Arts) of the Hong Kong Council for Accreditation of Academic & Vocational Qualifications, and the founding President of the Hong Kong Association for Music Educators (HAME).

Professor Leung received two General Research Funds from the Research Grant Council in 2011 and 2014, and a QEF grant in 2009. He received his BA in music and PGDE from the Chinese University of Hong Kong (1987 & 1991), MA in music education from Hong Kong Baptist University (1995) and PhD from the University of New South Wales (2002).

梁寶華教授現任香港教育學院文化與創意藝術學系教授及系主任兼博文與社會科學學院副院長 (質素保證及提升)。他致力將粵劇納入正規音樂課程而獲多個獎項,其領導的研究計劃「中小學粵劇教學協作計劃」,先後於二零一一年獲聯合國教科文組織國際音樂理事會頒發的音樂權益獎(Musical Rights Award)及二零一二年獲教院頒發知識轉移獎。任職教院期間,梁教授編著了一套教材《學校音樂創作教材套》及一系列適合本港學校需要的音樂教科書。

梁教授曾於多份國際知名學術期刊發表論文,包括:《International Journal of Music Education》、《Research Studies in Music Education》、《Music Education Research》、《Pedagogy, Culture & Society》、及《the Oxford Handbook of Music Education》。梁教授出版的《音樂創作教學:新世紀音樂教育新趨勢》(卓思,2005),更是本港首部關於音樂創意教學的書刊。北京人民音樂出版社亦邀請梁教授出版一個更新版本以回應內地音樂課程改革(2014)。梁教授亦與梁信慕教授合編一本題為《Creative Arts in Education and Culture: Perspectives from Greater China》的書刊(Springer, 2013),展示大中華地區的藝術教育和文化發展。

梁教授現任國際音樂教育協會研究委員會主席、亞太音樂教育研究研討會(APSMER)籌委會委員、東北師範大學音樂學院客座教授、《International Journal of Music Education》及《Asia-Pacific Journal for Arts Education》之聯席主編。梁教授曾任國際音樂教育協會理事及在其轄下的學校音樂及教師教育委員會主席、香港音樂教育家協會創會主席,與及香港學術及職業資歷評審局教育及演藝學科專家。



Funding Source
General Research Fund