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Universities are unique institutions with distinctive missions, structures and cultures. Their organizational philosophy significantly differs from that of governmental, industrial, religious, or cultural institutions. Universities increasingly build partnerships with different non-academic institutions at home and abroad. This allows for a greater innovation in institutional development. However, the universities also seek to preserve their identity and mission amidst disparate demands for critical inquiry and truth-telling which academia was traditionally performing. In the current discourse of higher education, multiple stakeholders ask questions such as: What makes the university a unique organization? What are the major differences between structures and cultures of universities and colleges, research and teaching universities, comprehensive universities and polytechnics? What defines an effective organizational structure or culture in each institutional model? Why is it important for university administrators and academics, or their collaborators from outside academia to know these differences? What are major differences between governance, management, and administration in the institutions of higher education? This course provides answers to these and other questions by stimulating students’ inquiry regarding key organizational theories in higher education. The course elaborates on the idea of university, and explains the formats and values of universities’ missions, visions, structures, and cultures in the designs of academic research, teaching and service. The course pays a significant attention to the role of institutional agency, and delves into case-studies of governance and management at leading universities in Asia, Europe and North America. This course aims at empowering higher education students and professionals to shape and refine their competencies in handling the complexity and diversity of a modern institutional development and management in higher education. The course also intends to expand learners’ capacities for organizational creativity and design of critically-minded learning frameworks in higher education.