A Proposed Model for Teachers’ Perceptions of National and Moral education: A National Identity Building Curriculum in Post-colonial Hong Kong
Journal of Educational Change
Wong Koon Lin, Helen Haste, Lee Chi-Kin John, Kerry John Kennedy, Chan Kin Sang Jacqueline

Since Hong Kong returned to Chinese sovereignty, national identity building became an important part of school education meeting some resistance in Hong Kong society. In 2012, thousands of school stakeholders protested against the introduction of the 2012 Guide of Moral and National Education (MNE). These conflicts have influenced teachers’ attitudes towards MNE and curriculum choices. Employing the Model of Teachers’ Perceptions of Moral and National Education, this research investigates the factors affecting teachers’ perceptions of MNE, as a national identity building curriculum. The findings indicated that “perceived other support for MNE,” “perceived non-monetary cost–benefits,” “perceived concerns of MNE,” and “comparison with the previous system (Moral and Civic education)” were the significant predictors for teachers’ receptivity of MNE. The results suggested that if teachers were supported by others, they were more likely to support MNE; and they were less likely to support the implementation of MNE when teachers had serious concerns about it. The results recommended adding media and socio-political factors into the Model of Teachers’ Receptivity to curriculum changes. The discussion will employ identity grafting (Lee in Managing Chineseness: Identity and ethnic management in Singapore, Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2017) as a point of comparison to identify the theoretical implications of MNE. 


Dr. Wong Koon Lin
Department of Education Policy and Leadership

Prof. Helen Haste
Professor Emeritus, University of Bath

Prof. Lee Chi-Kin John
Vice President (Academic) and Provost, Director of CRSE and UNESCO Chair in Regional Education Development and Lifelong Learning

Prof. Kerry John Kennedy
Advisor (Academic Development) of the Department of Curriculum and Instruction

Chan Kin Sang Jacqueline
Department of Curriculum and Instruction